Has Society really accepted women? A Case of Haryana

Women’s rights and issues have always been a subject of serious concern for academicians and policy makers not only in India but across the globe. Over time the role of women has changed drastically from being a typical home maker who catered to the needs and requirements of the whole family to a front runner in all possible fields. Modernization and globalization are showing their deep impact on the human society all over the world, redefining the role and responsibilities of women in a different perspective. Further this has also led to additional responsibilities and widened the role of women who now also shares the financial responsibilities. But even after the gigantic transformation the grass root situation has not changed much. Women are still not treated at par with men socially and culturally. This can be proved evidently from the sex ratio in the country. India’s sex ratio (933/1000) differs in all parts of the country but one state which catches attention is Haryana (861/1000)[1]. Despite being a high performing economy in terms of high per capita gross domestic product Haryana has the lowest sex ratio in the country. Haryana has not been able to develop ethnically and socially when it comes to women’s equality. There are various social, economic and psychological factors responsible for this like lack of education, place of residence, caste, dowry issues, economic status of the family, conservative thinking etc. Government of Haryana has taken various steps in this regard by implementing various schemes like Ladli scheme in which government provides financial assistance of Rs.5000 per year on the birth of second daughter on or after 20-8-2005 for five years and amount will be invested in kisan vikas patras in the name of the second daughter through mother/father/guardian and the matured amount of approximately Rs. 86927 at current rates of interest would be paid after the second daughter attains the age of 18 years in order to combat the female foeticide and declining sex ratio in the state[2]. But the situation is still not improving in rural areas. Sex ratio is showing the signs of improvement in some parts of Haryana like Gurgaon, Faridabad and Jhajjar. For improving the situation as a whole we need to take certain steps like stringent rules for banning sex determination, building schools in rural areas for the promotion of women’s education, making women and their family aware about the schemes run by government for raising a girl child, proper implementation of schemes to reduce the gap between goals enunciated in the legislature, policies, plans and programs on the one hand and the situational reality on the other. All this is required to neutralize the oppression against women and for establishing the equity.

References:

[1] http://censusindia.gov.in/Census_Data_2001/India_at_glance/fsex.aspx as accessed on 27th June, 2011

[2] Department Of Women and Child development, Government of Haryanahttp://wcdhry.gov.in/new_schemes_F.htm  as accessed on 27th June, 2011.

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